26 November 2009



One night, Grady pierce goes to the tavern. The tavern is filled with ghost that night. But Grady does not much care as long as the bartender keeps pouring the drinks. He sits alone without any people around him. No one he knows. Another visitor does not care each others. They just want to drink that night, so does Grady. Fifteen minutes later, someone touch him, he is Aaron noel. The man who always take Grady up to his home when he was drunk.
That night Grady does not want Aaron to take him up. Because he feels that he can go home by himself. Grady is in tavern for enough time, the bartender drops the bill beside his glass. It is mean that Grady should go home now. After paying, Grady stands up, step outside and laughing loudly.
He starts to walk to go home. He mutters as long as street. Suddenly he pauses at the curb. Then crosses over and moved on up the street. He goes to the close shops. He feels miserable tonight. He feels there is someone behind him, someone stare at him. He shouts but no one answer, just breeze makes him narrow his eyes. He sees something move at the mouth of s narrow alley about thirty feet back. He shouts again, but no one answer.
He continues his step. Suddenly he stops and heard the breathing. He looks around, but no one there. Grady shouts again many times, someone answer very quiet. Directly, Grady feels the fire around his neck, and the warmth flowing over his chest. He sees the face of the thing that had killed him.
In another place, exactly in the Jefferson memorial, Fox mulder, one of agent FBI prefers this place when he wants time to think. When he eats his sandwich and a plastic cup of soda just about empty, he sees a tall man, Hank webber comes to him and they smile each others. Webber comes to ask about the case that has to solve. That is HELEVITO case. The case is about murder.
Actually Mulder is not in his duty, he is taking his vacation. But the case needs to be solved to avoid more victims. This murder is not caused by people but by something invisible and Mulder is expert in. For the first time he refuses it. But Webber tries to make sure him to take this duty. Finally Mulder agrees to do it.
In another day, there is someone, Corporal frank ulman goes to the tavern. He is drunk. When he wants to go home, he lays down until someone drop in to the hospital. He drink too much.
In the morning, he feels need to get fresh air. He decides to walk around hospital. He walks from corridor to corridor but no one there and heard nothing. He comes in one long and quiet corridor. In the end of corridor he sees a strange woman. He calls that woman but she does not answer and the woman’s face disappear suddenly.
One day, Fox mulder goes to the basement of the J. Edgar Hoover building to discuss his job, that is about HELEVITO, an invisible case. A few minutes later, Barreli and Arlen Douglas, Mulder’s friends come in. When they are discussing about the case and about the witness of murder, Hank come in. They are one team to solve HELEVITO case. The team actually less one person, Dana Scully, she is in her vacation. A half hour later, they are very surprised, because Dana Scully already stands up at the threshold. Dana comes back early from her vacation. They shake hand each others. And then the telephone is ringing, Mulder’s boss is calling. He has to go to meet the boss.
The next day, Mulder and Douglas try to seek witness. They go to one of tavern. Over there, they meet Rosemary, she is witness of Grady death. They ask her about what she saw that night. But she is pretend knowing nothing, she says that she know nothing. She looks frightened and directly goes away from them.
Because they do not get any information, they decide to go out from that tavern. When they in valley, they see the tweed man. Mulder is suspicious, he calls that man. But after that man heard someone call him, he is gone. And then they decide to come back to the office.
When arriving in the office, Scully is already waiting for them. Dana tells that she receive package from FBI headquarters. The package is gun for HELEVITO case. They feel confused about that case. Because they did not get any witness yet. They feel so tired that day, so they decide to go home and continue tomorrow.
Mulder gets home very late. He directly goes to sleep. In his sleep he gets a strange dream. In his dream, he sees a bright light in his home, fire around his body, and a few minutes his house is exploded. He sees a black man stands of in front of his house and bring a gun. He wakes up directly.
In the morning Mulder goes to the office. He meets Dana and tells about his dream last night. Dana says, maybe this is a key to solve that case, this prove that an invisible man is real, and do not worry, we have a good gun for force that man.
At that day, Mulder, Dana, Andrews, and Webber go to marville town to finish HELEVITO case. For the first time, they visit Hawk, the owner of tavern in that town. They ask about what happen here. Because the town very quiet and lonely. Hawk tells that after Grady death, the town very quiet. Everybody frightened to go out from their home. There is an invisible man who makes trouble. But no one knows exactly who is he. When Hawk is telling, Dana takes a piece of paper near her, this says GOBLIN, the name of ghost in this town.
They decide to walk around that town and invite Hawk to look for and finish the GOBLIN. As long as the street they see nothing. It is very quiet place. Somebody died here. Some poor guy bled to death here. Hawk tells that Grady was found there, a couple of feet in, sitting against the wall. Even with the rain, it like he took a shower in his own blood. It is unthinkable concept. Mulder suggest to meet Elly Lang, she is spiritual woman who has this theory.
They visit Elly lang. They can meet Elly in the first floor queen apartment. Mulder comes in the room and the others waiting outside. Mulder ask to Miss Elly about goblin. Miss Elly invites Mulder to know about goblin in daydream. They close their eyes. Miss Elly tells that Goblin lives in the woods, her voice was low, harsh, the rasp of a childhood Halloween witch. And then they open their eyes. Mulder asks about the night Grady pierce died. Grady was died because he never listen Elly’s advice. Elly advices him to avoid profanity when he met Goblin and do not go out when Goblin appeared. But Grady never listen her advice. And the result Grady was killed.
While waiting Mulder talk with Elly, Dana and friends waiting out of the room. Dana looks at the quiet corridor, she sees Grady walk away in corridor. She is surprised. When Mulder finish and go out, Dana tells what she sees last time. Directly, they ask to Elly. Elly tells that Goblin is coming. Mulder asks how Goblin is. Goblin is black. It has no color at all. They have to be careful with Goblin. Because it is not real but invisible.
Major Joseph Tonero is one of member FBI who does not believe with ghost. When he goes to California, he met Rosemary. She was witness of Goblin. She ever knew Goblin killed man. When Joseph and Rose enter to an apartment, he saw something in the corridor. He knew someone in black cloth. He walked to them. Rose looked frightened. She spoke in muttered voice, Goblin is coming. They have to run out and save themselves from Goblin. After that event, Joseph has just believed that Goblin is real.



Hello, how are you?
Hello, I’m fine. What about you?
Hello, how are you today?
Hell, I’m fine. And you?
Nice to meet you.
Nice to meet you too.
How do you do?
How do you do?

Good morning.
Good morning Sir..
Good afternoon.
Good evening.


Are you fine?
I’m fine.
I’m okay.
I’m feeling great.Hi.
Hi, how are you?
How’s life?
How’s your day?


It doesn’t matter.
See you later.
Good bye.
See you.
See you soon.
See you later.
See you tomorrow.
See you on Monday.
See you next month.
That’s okay.
Just a second.
Just a minute.
Just a moment.
A moment please.
Wait a moment please.
That’s sure.
Are you sure?
I’m sure about it.
Thank you.
Thank you very much.
Thanks a lot.
You are welcome.
I’m sorry.
That’s all right.
That’s okay.
That’s fine.
That would be fine.

Would that be alright?
Yes, that would be alrighte.
Please phone me.
Okay, I’ll phone you.
See you.
See you soon.
Hoping you are fine.
Hoping all things are fine.
Hoping the best for you.
I’m happy to see you.
I’m please to meet you.
I’m exited to meet you.
I’m glad to see you here.
It’s a pleasure to meet you.
Do you speak English?
Yes, I speak English.
Yes, I speak English fluently.
Yes, I am a native speaker.
Yes, I speak good English.
Yes, I speak a little English.
No, I don’t speak English.
Do you understand English?
Yes, I understand.
Yes, I understand English.
No, I don’t understand English.
Yes, I understand a little English.
Yes, I understand English very well.
Yes, I am a native speaker of English.
Yes, I am a native speaker from English speaking country.
Yes, I am a native speaker from United States.
Yes, I am a native speaker from Canada.
Yes, I am a native speaker from England.

Copyright: Martin W. All Right Reserved.


Hi everybody. This is Mr. Duncan in England.
How are you today?
Are you OK? … I hope so!
Are you happy? … I hope so!
In today’s lesson, we’re going to talk all about saying:
“Hello” and “Goodbye”
When we first meet someone,
Whether it is a person we know
Or someone we are meeting for the first time
we will normally use a simple sentence
A greeting is a friendly way of opening a conversation
Or as a way of letting the other person know that we have seen them.
There are many ways to say hello.
“Hi here”
“Hello there”
“Hey, how are you doing?”
“What’s up?”
“We sometimes use a double greeting …”
“Hi there, hey how are you doing?”
“Hello, how have you been?”
“It’s good to see you, how’s life been treating you?”
If you are meeting someone for the first time, you can say: “Good to meet you”
“It’s nice to meet you”
“Good to meet you”
“It’s nice to meet you”
“I’m pleased to meet you”
“Good to meet you”
“It’s nice to meet you”
“I’m pleased to meet you”
‘it’s a pleasure to meet you”
These sentences are often used after the ather person has been introduce to you.
If you are meeting someone you have not seen or heard from for a long time, then you can show a real surprise and shock.
“Oh my God, it’s you!”
“Aahh, where have you been?”
“My goodness, long time no speak”
“Wow, it’s so good to see you again”
“Is it really you? When did we last meet?”
“Wow, as I live and breathe, it’s my best friend from school”
If you are in a hurry in which to make your greeting.
“Hi, sorry. I can’t stop”
“Oh hi there, look I’m a bit pushed for time …”
“Hi, sorry. I can’t stop”
“Hello there, look I’m on my way to work …”
“Maybe catch up with you again soon”
“Hey’ I would love to stop and chat … but I really have to dash”
This type or greeting is common these days because we are all in such a big hurry to get some place …
We sometimes use the word “hello” as a way of showing surprise or as a way of expressing a sudden interest in something.
“Hello, what’s going on here?”
“Hello, I did not know he had a girlfriend”
“Hello, what’s going on over there?”
“Hello, sometthing is wrong here …”
“… he took my money!”
Here in the UK, people will often greet each other by talking about the weather.
“Hello, isn’t it a lovely day?”
“Hello. what about this terrible weather?”
“Hello, did you hear the storm last night?”
In many countries people will ask abut the family.
“Hello, how’s the family.”
“Hello, how’s your wife doing?”
“Hello, how are the kids?”
In China, people often greet each other by asking if they have eaten their lunch or dinner or ask them where they are going.
The word “hello” can also be used informally as a way of expressing sarcasm or annoyance.
“Hello, did you understand what I said?”
“Hello, was that too difficult for you to read?”
“Hello, did you see me waving at you?”
“Hello, do you not recognise me?”
“Hello, what time do you call this? You are late!”
Parting is such sweet sorrow.
That I shall say goodnight, till it be morrow”
That’s Shakespeare, that is.
Saying Goodbye.
There are many ways to say goodbye.

“See you around”
“See you again”
“Ta-ta for now”
“catch you later”
“Goodbye” “Bye”
“Bye for now”
“See ya”
“So long”

You will often hear me say “ta-ta” at the end of my English lessons.
This expression is mostly used in certain parts of the UK.
It is a friendly, fun way to say goodbye.
Well I have come to the end of this lesson so I must bid you a fond farewell.
Until next time we meet here on the super-duper internet highway.
This is Misterduncan in England saying … thank you for watching me, teaching you … and … Ta-ta for now.



Oleh: gita dya O.

Berawal dari nama, yang disebut pare, tetapi orang-orang mengira kalau pare adalah sayuran yang digunakan untuk obat. Tetapi setelah dicari kebenaranya, nama pare berasal dari …..
Dulu zaman perang atau orang menyebutnya dengan zaman penjajahan dulu pare adalah tempat pelerenan atau peristirahatan, karena dulu ada orang sedang bertempur, lalu istirahat terus sedang bersembunyi dari musuh, orang itu selalu selamat. Dan ada juga orang yang hampir terkena tembekan lalu bersembunyi di pare, lalu orang itu terselamatkan. Dan dulu waktu terjadi gunung kelut meletus, dan terjadi banjir, semua daerah yang berada di sekitar pare banjir, tetapi setelah melewati pare, akhirnya berhenti atau leren.
Orang-orang bilang, pare adalah tempat berhentinya musibah. Dan alhamdulilah selama ini, pare belum-belum terjadi musibah apapun, dan juga termasuk kebesaran dari Allah.
Di pare banyak tempat-tempat yang mengingatkan kita pada pahlawan yang sudah membela Negara Indonesia ini, khususnya kota pare, contohnya TMP atau di maksud taman Makam Pahlawan, apabila kita merasa kangen dengan pahlawan-pahlawan kita bisa mendoakan atau ziarah kubur disana, tempatnya sangat strategis, dan ada juga tugu pahlawan, yang terletak di tengah-tengah jalan atau sebelahanya alun-alun kota pare, apabila hari-hari bebas atau hari libur disana sangat ramai oleh pengunjung sekitarnya



Oleh: Anita Nur Hidayah

Having a healthy body is a dream of everyone. The healthy body has a great value and can not be changed with anything. We can not buy it with our money. All you can do is take care of them. There are there ways to keep our body healthy.
The first, do exercise. We have to do exercise everyday, if we want to get a healthy body. It is not a must for us to join a fitness club or pay much money to get a healthy body. We ca do exercise by jogging around our house, cycling or other activities which can burn our fat and it also does not need much money to get the healthy body. It is very advantageous for our body. It also can be done by everyone.
The second., eat the nutritious food. Eat nutritious food is very important for us to keep our body become healthy. There are many kinds of the nutritious food, not only fish and meat but also vegetables, like spinach, tomato, cabbage, etc. We also can get cholesterol if we eat too much meat. And of course cholesterol is not good for our body. Beside that, we also have to eat regularly. Eat there times a day to give the strength for our body.
The last, sleep enough. Sleeping enough is an effort to keep our body become healthy. It is suggested for us to take a rest or sleep after we do all our activities. It is done in order to make our body become fresh again. We should not sleep too late at night or stay up and talk all night because it can make our body become tired the next day. It will make our body become easy to get sick.
The all steps above are the activities that we can do easily. Do exercise; eat the nutritious food and sleep enough are good ways to keep our body become healthy.




Pada zaman dahulu. Ada sebuah desa yang warganya tengah memanen hasil tanamanya dan hasil panen warga sangat melimpah seminggu setelah panen hujan menguyur desa tersebut selama 3 hari, akibat dari hujan yang sangat deras dan lama, air sungai berantas sangat meluap dan banjirpun datang pada desa tersebut, banjir tersebut berlansung sangat lama dan kebutuhan warga tercukupi dari hasil panen. Jika warga igin makan-makanan yang lain maka mereka menukarkan baranganya kepada tetangganya mereka mengunakan sampan atau perahu kecil untuk berjalan ke rumah tangganya .
Setelah beberapa lama warga merasa resah karena hasil panenya sudah menipis untuk kebutuhannya. Dan hasil panen itu hanya cukup untuk 7 hari saja. Di saat resah atau bingung melanda datang seorang pemuda yang bernama Kelut. Warganya memangilnya dengan sebutan Raden Kelut karena sikapnya yang ramah, baik hati arif dan bijaksana. Sejak kedatangan Raden Kelut air yang mengenang di desa tersebut surut setelah 5 hari dari kedatanganya, setelah air surut atau tidak ada, warag melakukan aktifitasnya seperti saat sebelum banjir datang dan warga mengangap peristiwa ini sebagai keajaiban karena kedatangan kelut.
Di desa tersebut Raden Kelut mendapat perhatian yang baik dan para gadis desa tersebut banyak yang ingin di persunting oleh Raden Kelut. Setelah beberapa singgah di desa tersebut Raden Kelut melamar putri Tatan anak dari sesepuh desa. Putri Tatan sangatlah cantik parasnya dan baik budi pengkertinya. 3 hari sebelum pernikahan Raden Kelut dan putrid Tatan dilaksanakan hujan kembali sebelum mengguyur desa tersebut. Keresahan dan kesedihan melanda warga desa kalau akan terjadi banjir lagi.
Hujan menguyur desa itu selama 2 hari dan air mengenang sudah 1 jengkal dari tanah. Seorang dari warga menemui Raden Kelut untuk membatalkan pernikahannya mugkin akan terjadi petaka besar kalau-kalau Raden Kelut dan putri tatan menikah. Tapi Raden Kelut tidak menagapinya.
Raden Kelut dan putri tatan melaksanakan pernikahannya dengan segala persiapan, dan saat pernikaha dilangsungkan hujan tiba-tiba datang begitu derasnya. Warga sangat takut dan seorang dari warga berkata kepada Raden Kelut ”segeralah batalkan pernikahan ini”’ karena akan terjadi petaka dari pernikahan kalian. Tetapi Raden Kelut tidak mengubrisnya.
Setelah pernikahan raden kelut dan Putri Tatan genangan air agak meningi, warga semakin takut tapi lama kelamaan genangan air semakin telah surut walau tidak semua tempat di desa tersebut tergenang air. Setelah beberapa lama akhirnya Putri Tatan mengandung pada upacara Selapan, Raden Kelut menyuruh warga untuk berkumpul di rumah Putri Tatan. Raden Kelut dan warganya menbajatkan doa dan syukur atas diberikan Allah SWT. Dan setelah itu Raden Kelut menuju tanah becek dan luas yang berada agak jauh dari rumahnya di iringi warga Raden Kelut megeluarkan bungkusan yang berisi bijih beras ketan dan menyebarkanya di tempat tersebut. Dan Raden Kelut berkata kepada warga ”berhubung saya sudah lama singgah di tempat ini saya bermaksud pulang ke singgahsana saya dan saya akan mengajak Putri Tatan dan rawatlah tanaman ini” tanaman ketan ini akan berguna untuk kalian nanti.
Upacara pelepasan Raden Kelut dan Putri Tatan dari desa tersebut dilaksanakan. Sebelum mereka pergi salah satu dari penduduk desa berkata untuk mengenang jasa Raden Kelut dan Putri Tatan kita namakan desa ini menjadi sebuah desa yang bernama ”KELUTAN” dan sebagai tanda desa ini berada di bagian paling wetan atau timur dari daerah kulon atau barat sungai berantas.



By: James Salter

We dash the black river, its flats smooth as stone. Not a ship, a dinghy, not one cry of white. The water lies broken, cracked from the wind. This great estuary is wide, endless. The river is brackish, blue with the cold. It passes beneath us blurring. The sea birds hang above it, they wheel, disappear. There are houses of stone along the banks, no longer fashionable, and wooden houses, drafty and bare. There are still estates that exist, remnants of the great land parcels of the past.
A car comes up the driveway, back from the city. The driver is named Viri goes inside, only for a moment until he is heard the news: the pony has gotten loose. He is furious and asked where the pony was. He called the pony’s name: Ursula. He cried and goes around finding her. Suddenly, his wife is named Nedra said to him that Ursula was near the kitchen door, tranquil, dark, eating an apple. Then, he leaded her to the shed. Outside the kitchen he stamped dirt from his shoes.
His daughters called through the door, they asked where Ursula was. He asked that she went out for a walk. They wait for something further. He is a storyteller, a man of wonders. They listen for sound, expecting the door open. They said that her legs were wet, she was trying to get the onions on the bottom and their father said that he think she was swimming, there are no onions there. They explain it to each other outside the door. They wait for him, to little girls squatting like beggars. The pony fascinated them. It frightened them. They are ready to run if it makes an unexpected sound. They often watched her; they listened to her jaws. This mythical beast, fragrant in the darkness, is greater than they are, stronger, cleverer. They long to approach her, to win her love.
It was the autumn of 1958; their children were seven and five. Franca was seven and Danny was five. Nedra was working in the kitchen, her rings set aside. She was tall, preoccupied; her neck was bare. She wore her wrist watch, her best shoes. Beneath the apron, she was dressed for the evening. She is dressed in her oat-colored sweater, slim as a pike, her long hair fastened. People were coming for dinner. She is twenty eight. Her dreams still cling to her, adorn her; she is confident, composed, she is related to long-necked creatures, ruminant, abandoned saints. She is careful, hard to approach. Her life is concealed. It is through the smoke and conversation of many dinners that one sees her: country dinners, dinners at the Russian tea Room, the Café Chauveron with Viri’s clients, the St. Regis, the Minotaur. Guests were driving from the city, Peter Daro and his wife; Catherine. The Daro arrived in darkness. The doors of their car slammed faintly. A few moments later they appeared at the entrance, their faces bright. Peter brought the wine. They go to begin the conversation. Peter told them about his experience fished for trout. Then, Peter asked Viri where he got the wine. The wine is marvelous. He said that he got it in the small shop, Fifty-Sixth Street, next to Carnegie Hall.
Nedra played the record, she said that a song is about a girl whose father wants her to marry one of her nice suitors but she does not want to she wants to marry the town drunk because he will make marvelous love to her every night. Peter watched her. There were moments when it seemed she revealed everything. She was carrying on a separate conversation with Peter, as if the two of them were closest,as if she understood him utterly. When she said good night her face seemed already washed, as if in preparation. The wine had made her sleepy.
Catherine said as she drove home with her husband that Peter should matty someone like Nedra. Peter did not understand what she means. Catherine said that she just mean it was obvious he would like to go through all that and she thought he should; Nedra is a very generous woman. But, Peter said that Nedra is the most selfish woman on earth.
Someday, Viri went to meet Mr. Conrad who was Peter gave his name. He wanted him to make him a shirt. They talked about how was Peter now before he already to ask about how shirt he wants. Viri wanted him to give a pocket on his shirt because he needed to carry a pencil. Mr. Conrad asked him how many shirts he should make. Viri answered three shirts and he said that he was going to send him many customers; he gave the name of one that is Arnaud Roth.
In a phone booth he composed a familiar number. He talked to Arnaud that he must meet someone named Mr. Conrad. He also said that Arnaud would thank to him until the end of his life. But, Arnaud asked him what he was going to do for him. He answered that he was going to make him shirts.
At the party, Nedra said that Bruce Ettinger is beautiful. He also said that Viri had the best shirt but Bruce had the best smile. Viri offered her something to drink. She answered that nothing too strong. Eve was across the room in a thin, burgundy dress that showed the faint outline of her stomach. She was pale, elegant, slutty. The man was facing was shorter than she was. His name is Arnaud. Arnaud was coming toward them. He greeted Nedra, he leaned to kiss her. He asked where Viri was. Nedra said that he was wearing the exact same shirt. Then, Viri came to them. They were coming to the film. Viri had a conversation with Faye Massey. When he talked to Faye, he saw the girl on the couch had risen and was talking to someone. He could not keep sight of her. He hung back. He touched deBaque on the elbow. He asked about the girl. deBaque said that her mane is Kaya. She came with George Clutha. She is looking for a job.
In the summer the Viri went to Amangansett. Peter and Catherine join them, together with their little boy and Kaya as Viri’s new employee. Peter rises and walks slowly, without a word, into the sea. Viri joins him.
In the restaurant, Viri seated with a girl name Kaya. After that, they went to her apartment. There was one large room. Then, without reason, she kissed him. They began to making love. After all, she asked him what he should go back to the office. He commended her back to office after him, but then he decided to go with her. He could feel her love plainly. She was his, he understood it. He had never felt happier, more sure.
Marcel-Maas lived in an unfinished stone barn, much of it built with his own hands. He was a painter. He had a gallery that showed his work, but he was largely unknown. His daughters named were Kate and Nora. Viri and Nedra were in his house. Then, Jivan came. Jivan was Marcel’s friend. He recognized to Viri and Nedra.
He come to Viri’s house, he brought them gifts. He entered the house confident but correct, like a relative who knows his place. Nedra gave him wine, she was easily kind. Nedra asked Viri to light the fire, but Jivan offered to do it. They go to lunch until dinner. At dinner, Jivan told them about his father ever said to him that he does not gamble. Never!
Nedra told Jivan about things that she loves about marriage. First, she loves the familiarity of it. Then, she love money, she likes a lot of money. She said that she should have married someone with money that Viri would never have any. There was no movement, none at all except for a slow distending to which she reacted as if to pain. She was rolling, sobbing. Her shouts were muffled. He did nothing, then more of it and more. Afterwards it was as if theyhad run for miles. They lay near each other, they could not speak. She lay like a woman sleeping. Her back was bare, her arms above her head, her hair loose. He touched this back as if it were something purchased, as if he had discovered it for the first time. She could never be without him, she had told him that. There were times she hated him because he was free in a way she was not; he had no children, no wife.
Nedra said to Viri that she had met the most marvelous man named Robert Chaptelle. He is a writer. He is French. She wanted Viri to read a book. She would give the book when she was finished.
In the morning, Viri goes to Kaya’s apartment but there he knew her with someone else. He met her then, but she did not want to talk. His eyes were filling with tears. He could not tell her what he felt. He said that he could not do anything without her. He could not go back to work
Nedra goes to Eve’s house. She talked to her that she would like to go to Europe. It would be marvelous. Eve said that she would stay in Rome with Arnaud. He would send him some handkerchiefs which he likes.
On Christmas Eve, it was cold and windy. In the driveway, Jivan, his arms filled with presents, was passing the lighted windows. A glimpse of white bookshelves, children whose voices he could not hear, Nedra smiling. They sat by the fire as Viri read. Jivan was quiet, he felt like a guest. His mistress was untouchable. She was in the midst of ritual and duty.
There was no dinner; they were too busy with last minute things. Viri and Nedra work together. Jivan was helping and the girls wrapping the gifts in their rooms. The lights stayed on until after midnight. It was a great celebration, the greatest of the year. Nedra had changed the sheets. They went to bed contented. Her sense of order was satisfied. She was tired, fulfilled. They slept. The house was in darkness, its rooms ghostly. The fire had gone out, the dog slept, the cold fell on the roof in brittle white spots.
Her father was visiting. He was sixty-two. It was his birthday, he gave his granddaughters dolls. A friendly game in the warmth of the kitchen. How carefully she arranged things for him, how thougtful she was. This coughing salesman who was her father, she accepted him wholeheartedly. He asked nothing of her other than an occasional welcome. He never outstayed it. He wrote no letters, his life was passed in an automobile going from customer to customer, in bars where women slurred their speech, in the house from which Nedra had escaped years before, a house from which one could not imagine her: ancient furniture, a shade on the back door. A house without books, without curtains, the basement smelling of coal dust. Here she grew, day by day, a child who even at sixteen gave no hint of what she was about to become, till suddenly in one summer she shed it all and disappeared. In her place was a young woman who had inherited nothing, in which everything was unique, as if she were a message or the bearer of one numinous, composed, not a blemish on her body, not a flaw.
She received a letter from her father written on small sheets of lined paper. It thanked her for the three days he had spent there. He had caught a cold on the way home. He had made good time, though, even better than on the trip up. She was a good poker player; she must have inherited it. There are no real friends, he warned.
Summer at Amagansett, she was thirty-four. She lay in the dunes; in the dry grass she had lost her interest in marriage. There was nothing else to say. It was a prison. She bored with happy couples. She does not believe in them.
Arnaud came that summer. He drove up with Eve in a white convertible, giving little waves when the front wheels went up on a stump and lifted the nose of the car three feet in the air. It was the summer of lunches and marvelous cigars. They decided to smoke Palma.
She wrote to Jivan that she there without him, she could not feel this if she did not love him and feel his love strongly. She had mail from Robert, who was in Verengeville. His cards began without a salutation; his hand writing was illegible and dense. He told her about his schedule.
They were divorced in the fall. For Nedra, it was as if her eyes had had been finally opened; she saw everything, she was filled with a great, unhurried strength. It was November. Their last night together they sat listening to music-it was Mendelssohn-like adying composer and his wife. The room was peaceful, filled with beautiful sound. The last logs burned.
The next day, she left to Europe. The car stood before the house in the late afternoon. From afar it seemed like any other departure. Like one of the thousand that preceded it. She said goodbye to them. She started the engine. She turned on the radio and left quickly. The road was empty. The lights of nearby houses were on. Viri was left in the house. Every object, even those which had been hers, which he never touched, seemed to share his loss. He was suddenly parted from his life. That presence, loving or not, which fills the emptiness of rooms, mildens them, makes them light-that presence was gone. The simple greed that makes one cling to a woman left him suddenly desperate, stunned. A fatal space had opened, like that between a liner and the dock which is suddenly too wide to leap; everything is still present, visible, but it cannot be regained.
That winter Nedra was in Davos, which she had been mistakenly told she would find an interesting town. At lunch one day she was introduces to a man named Harry Pall. He poured wine generously into his glass, and then gestured with the bottle toward hers. He asked her where she stayed. She answered in Davos. He would come by for her at seven.
She returned to the hotel in the late afternoon. She prepared his eyes in the mirror.
Nedra was ill. She did not admit it except to feel uncomfortable suddenly in the city. She wanted the open air, she wanted the invisible. She was forty-seven. Her hair was rich and beautiful, her hands strong. It seemed that all she had known and read, her children, her friends, things which had at one time been disparate, contending, were quiet at last and had found their place within her. A sense of harvest, of abundance, filled her. She had nothing to do and she waited.
She woke in the silence of a bedroom still cool and dark. She was not sleepy, she was aware the night had passed. She small, gnarled branches of the apple trees were stirring in a soundless wind. The sun was not yet up. The sky to the west was the deepest blue, with clouds almost too brilliant, too dense. In the east it was almost white. Her body and mind were rested, they were at peace. They were being readied for a final transformation she only guessed.
That summer Franca came to visit her mother once more. They sat beneath the trees. Nedra had money; she had brought some good wine. They nostalgia about Ursula, she wanted to sell her. But, Nedra said that her father would not permit it. She looked at her daughter, a feeling of envy and happiness swept her, a gust of it thick as air. They talked of the house, of days long past, the hours lay beside them like a stream that barely moved. All around stretched the wide farmland made thrilling by hidden sea.
They lay in the holy sun which clothed them, the birds floating over their heads, the sand warm on their ankles, the backs of their legs. Nedra listened as Franca’s clear voice described the landscape of Russia, on and on, grew weary at last and stopped. They lay in silence, like lionesses in the dry grass, powerful, sated. Nedra told her that she love her very much. It was the true love. She glad her come that year. Franca took the hand and kissed it. Franca said that there is a wonderful Greek restaurant there, she wanted go there with her sometime.

Nedra died like her father. She felt ill. Abdominal pains. For a while they could diagnose nothing. The x-rays showed nothing, the many test of blood. Franca was there alone without had husband. Danny had her children with her, little girls of two and four who had hardly known their grandmother. Eve stood near them. Her face was wet with tears. She said to Danny that her children were beautiful when it was over. Then, they said goodbye to everyone, they accepted murmured regrets, they lingered and started back to the city finally in a hired car.
It was a spring when Viri returned. He drove up from New York on a warm day. He had come alone. He looked around, everything unchanged seemed terrible to him, a gas station with its wooden building, the very land. His mind grew numb. He tried not to think of things, not to see them. The fort had fallen, the children were gone. He walks toward the river, placing his feet carefully. His suit is too warn and tight. He reaches the water’s edge. There is the dock, unused now, with its flaking paint and rotten boards, it’s under pilings drenched in green. Here at the great, dark river, here on the bank.
It happens in an instant. It is all one long day, one endless afternoon, friends leaves, he stand on the shore. He thought that he was ready, he has always been ready, and he was ready at last.

22 November 2009

Nyanyian topi Seleksi

In times of old, when I was new,
And Hogwarts barely started,
The founders of our noble school
Thought never to be parted.

United by a common goal,
They had the selfsame yearning
To make the world's best magic school
And pass along their learning.

"Together we will build and teach"
The four good friends decided.
And never did they dream that they
Might some day be divided.

For were there such friends anywhere
As Slytherin and Gryffindor?
Unless it was the second pair
Of Hufflepuff and Ravenclaw,

So how could it have gone so wrong?
How could such friendships fail?
Why, I was there, so I can tell
The whole sad, sorry tale.

Said Slytherin, "We'll teach just those
Whose ancestry's purest."
Said Ravenclaw, "We'll teach those whose
Intelligence is surest."

Said Gryffindor, "We'll teach all those
With brave deeds to their name."
Said Hufflepuff, "I'll teach the lot
And treat them just the same."

These differences caused little strife
When first they came to light.
For each of the four founders had
A house in which they might

Take only those they wanted, so,
For instance, Slytherin
Took only pure-blood wizards
Of great cunning just like him.

And only those of sharpest mind
Were taught by Ravenclaw
While the bravest and the boldest
Went to daring Gryffindor.

Good Hufflepuff, she took the rest
and taught them all she knew,
Thus, the houses and their founders
Maintained friendships firm and true.

So Hogwarts worked in harmony
for several happy years,
but then discord crept among us
feeding on our faults and fears.

The Houses that, like pillars four
had once held up our school
now turned upon each other and
divided, sought to rule.

And for a while it seemed the school
must meet an early end.
what with dueling and with fighting
and the clash of friend on friend.

And at last there came a morning
when old Slytherin departed
and though the fighting then died out
he left us quite downhearted.

And never since the founders four
were whittled down to three
have the Houses been united
as they once were meant to be.

And now the Sorting Hat is here
and you all know the score:
I sort you into Houses
because that is what I'm for.

But this year I'll go further,
listen closely to my song:
though condemned I am to split you
still I worry that it's wrong,

Though I must fulfill my duty
and must quarter every year
still I wonder whether sorting
may not bring the end I fear.

Oh, know the perils, read the signs,
the warning history shows,
for our Hogwarts is in danger
from external, deadly foes

And we must unite inside her
or we'll crumble from within
I have told you, I have warned you...
let the Sorting now begin.

19 November 2009

Susahnya Mencari Sekolah Bagi Mereka

Oleh: Sri Andiani
(Penerima Penghargaan Lomba Menulis Nasional 2009 Kategori SMP)

Jakarta-ykai.net - Anak-anak yang tunarungu yang sudah bisa berbicara dan mendengar dengan bantuan alat bantu dengar dan pelatihan yang sesuai, selalu mengalami kesulitan untuk mencari sekolah yang mau menerimanya. Sekolah-sekolah umum tidak mau menerimanya, karena menganggap mereka tidak mampu berbaur dengan anak-anak yang tidak berkebutuhan khusus.

Sedangkan kalau di sekolah luar biasa (SLB), mereka tidak cocok, karena mereka sudah bisa mendengar dan berbicara, untuk apa mereka bersekolah di SLB yang menggunakan komunikasi visual atau bahasa isyarat? Kemampuan mendengar dan berbicaranya akan menurun, karena lingkungan sekolah itu lebih menggunakan bahasa isyarat dibandingkan bahasa verbal. Sedangkan sekolah inklusif itu idenya bagus, hanya saja kurang mendapatkan dukungan dan fasilitasi. Padahal bila anak-anak itu diberi kesempatan yang sama dengan anak-anak yang tidak berkebutuhan khusus dan difasilitasi, pasti akan bisa berprestasi yang sama pula dan mampu berhadapan dengan dunia yang penuh persaingan.

Saya berpendapat bahwa orang-orang hanya melihat dari satu sisi saja, akibatnya anak-anak yang “normal” itu memiliki pemahaman atau pandangan yang salah, mereka tidak punya pengalaman, pendapat atau kesimpulan yang bagus tentang orang-orang yang berkebutuhan khusus. Hal ini dikarenakan adanya pemisahan pendidikan antara mereka. Sehingga saat mereka telah dewasa atau besar dan menjadi seorang pemimpin, mereka tidak mempunyai gambaran yang cukup tentang “teman-temannya” bahwa mereka juga bisa berprestasi yang sama.

Anak-anak yang berkebutuhan khusus itu harus difasilitasi dan diberi kesempatan untuk berkarya karena sebetulnya mereka itu mampu berprestasi. Bukankah kewajiban sebagai penerus bangsa dan memajukan bangsa adalah tugas semua anak-anak? Baik yang berkebutuhan khusus, maupun yang tidak. Dengan tulisanku ini, aku berharap agar anak-anak yang berkebutuhan khusus maupun yang tidak, diberikan kesempatan dan fasilitas yang sesuai dalam hal pendidikan agar mereka bisa saling berkerjasama dalam pembangunan dan memajukan bangsa.

Hak Berekspresi Anak di Indonesia

Huahh...... setelah tahu pengumumannya... akhirnya tahu kalau aku ngggak lolos.... ada rasa kecewa dikit sih.. tapi ya udah yang lalu biarlah berlalu...
Dibawah ini merupakan artikelku yang aku buat untuk lomba menulis remaja 2009, temanya tuh pemerintahan dan juga politik masa depan deh, gimana harapannya anak- anak Indonesia ttg pemerintahan yang akna datang, aku buatnya ttg hak Ekspresi Anak, pantesan aja nggak lolos, nggak sesuai tema sih......

Oleh: Muh. Abdul Manaf

Anakmu bukanlah anakmu
Mereka adalah putra-putri kehidupan
Yang mendambakan kehidupan mereka sendiri
Mereka datang melalui kamu
tapi tidak dari kamu.
Dan sungguhpun bersamamu, mereka bukanlah milikmu
Engkau dapat memberikan kasih sayang
tapi tidak pendirianmu sebab
mereka punya pendirian sendiri.
Engkau dapat memberikan tempat pijak bagi raganya
tapi tidak bagi jiwanya.
Lantaran jiwa mereka ada di masa depan.
Yang tak bisa engakau capai sekalipun dalam mimpi.
Engkau boleh saja berusaha mengikuti alam mereka.
Tapi jangan harap mereka dapat mengikuti alammu.
Sebab hidup tidaklah surut ke belakang.
Tidak pula tertambat di masa lalu.
Engkau adalah busur anak panah
kehidupan putra-putrimu melesat ke masa depan

Sang Nabi, Kahlil Gibran.

Sulit menentukan usia dan definisi anak mengingat banyaknya perbedaan pendapat yang ada. Anak menurut UU No.1 tahun1974 tentang Perkawinan disebutkan bahwa perkawinan diizinkan apabila pria telah berumur 19 tahun dan wanita telah mencapai 16 tahun. Undang-undang ini memberi pengertian bahwa pria dan wanita yang telah mencapai umur seperti di atas tidak termasuk lagi sebagai anak. Anak menurut KUH Perdata dan UU No.4 tahun 1979 tentang Kesejahteraan Anak adalah mereka yang belum berumur 21 tahun dan belum pernah kawin. Dalam Konvensi Hak Anak atau Pasal 1 Konvensi Hak Anak (KHA) anak didefinisikan sebagai “manusia yang berusia di bawah 18 tahun kecuali berdasarkan undang-udang yang berlaku bagi anak ditentukan bahwa usia dewasa dicapai lebih awal. Sedangkan didalam UU No. 22 tahun 2002 disebutkan bahwa anak adalah seseorang yang belum berusia 18 (delapan belas) tahun, termasuk anak yang masih dalam kandungan. Kiranya, syair dari Kahlil Gibran diataslah yang kiranya mampu menggambarkan definisi anak secara lebih luas dan mendalam. Menurut pendapat saya pribadi, anak merupakan manusia yang belum cukup umur dalam mengurusi kehidupannya, tetapi mereka memiliki hak asasi yang melekat seutuhnya. Sehingga meskipun mereka belum bisa mengurusi kehidupannya, mereka berhak menentukan bagaimanakah masa depan mereka. Dan orang tua atau wali hanya menuntun mereka menuju jalan yang benar sesuai kewajiban dan tanggungjawab orang tua, namun pilihan tetap ada pada si anak tersebut.
Fase pertumbuhan pada anaknya masih labil, sehingga anak selalu digambarkan sebagai fase yang sangat penting dalam proses pertumbuhan fisik dan jiwanya. Karena itu, fase ini akan berpengaruh pada masa depan saat mereka dewasa. Masa anak- anak membutuhkan kasih sayang yang utuh, bimbingan, perlindungan dari orang tuanya, hal ini sesuai dengan ketentuan Hak Asasi Manusia. Jika memang orang tua anak sudah tidak ada dan tidak mampu untuk melaksanakan kewajiban dan tanggungjawabnya, maka pihak lain karena kehendak sendiri atau karena ketentuan hukum diserahi kewajiban tersebut dan bila tidak ada pihak lain maka menjadi tanggung jawab negara.
Namun dalam kenyatannya, bahwa sangat banyak peristiwa yang menimpa anak- anak sehingga merenggut masa kecilnya, bahkan masa depannya. Hal ini dapat dilihat pada keluarga menengah kebawah atau di kota-kota besar dengan adanya praktek eksploitasi terhadap anak yang dijadikan pengemis, pengamen jalanan, pekerja anak, pekerja seks komersial, diperdagangkan dan sebagainya. Tak hanya di kota besar saja. Bahkan banyak kejadian pelanggaran hak anak di daerah pedesaan atau daerah terpencil. Anak- anak perempuan yang dipaksa kawin muda, anak putus sekolah, hingga kekerasan fisik pada anak sebagai pelampiasan stres orang tua akibat himpitan ekonomi atau dengan alasan pembentukan disiplin bagi anak.
Anak yang merupakan amanah dan karunia yang besar dari Tuhan Yang Maha Esa, dalam dirinya melekat harkat dan martabat sebagai manusia seutuhnya. Sehingga anak juga berhak mendapatkan hak- haknya tanpa terkecuali. Namun, masih saja banyak terjadi pelanggaran- pelanggaran hak- hak anak dan juga kekerasan yang melanda mereka seperti yang disebutkan di atas.
Adanya kekerasan- kekerasan itu perlindungan terhadap anak semakin penting adanya. Dengan perlindungan, anak dapat tumbuh berkembang dan siap meneruskan cita- cita dan perjuangan bangsa, karena anak- anaklah yang menjamin kelangsungan eksistensi bangsa dan negara pada masa depan.
Agar setiap anak kelak mampu memikul tanggung jawab tersebut, maka ia perlu mendapat kesempatan yang seluas-luasnya untuk tumbuh dan berkembang secara optimal, baik fisik, mental maupun sosial, selain itu juga diperlukan upaya perlindungan untuk mewujudkan kesejahteraan anak dengan memberikan jaminan terhadap pemenuhan hak-haknya serta adanya perlakuan tanpa diskriminasi.
Perlindungan anak adalah segala kegiatan untuk menjamin dan melindungi anak dan hak- haknya agar dapat hidup, tumbuh, berkembang, dan berpartisipasi, secara optimal sesuai dengan harkat dan martabat kemanusiaan, serta mendapat perlindungan dari kekerasan dan diskriminasi. Penyelenggaraan perlindungan anak di Indonesia beradasarkan Pancasila dan Undang- Undang Dasar Negara Tahun 1945 serta prinsip- prinsip dasar Konvensi Hak Anak yang meliputi non diskriminasi; kepentingan yang terbaik bagi anak (the best interest of the child); hak untuk hidup, kelangsungan hidup, dan perkembangan; dan penghargaan terhadap pendapat anak.
Berkaitan dengan dengan pelaksanaan perlindungan hak anak, pemerintah Indonesia telah melakukan beberapa kegiatan baik dalam bentuk merumuskan kegiatan maupun legislasi peratuan perundang-undangan. Dalam legislasi undang-undang secara nyata pemerintan Indonesia memiliki komitmen yang tinggi untuk memberikan jaminan hukum bagi perlindungan anak di Indonesia. Seperti pengesahan UU No. 23 tahun 2002 tentang perlindungan anak pada tanggal 22 Oktober 2002, juga perativikasian Konvensi Hak Anak (KHA) lewat Kepututsan Presiden No. 36 tahun 1990 tanggal 25 Agustus 1990.
Meskipun saat ini usia Undang- Undang Perlindungan Anak (UUPA) telah mencapai tujuh tahun. Pelaksanaan dari undang-undang ini masih jauh dari yang diharapkan. Masih banyak terjadi pelanggaran hak-hak anak baik di sekolah, rumah dan masyarakat.
Untuk memperoleh hak paling awal, yakni hak untuk diakui identitasnya melalui akta kelahiran, ternyata tidak semua anak bisa mendapatkannya. Seperti yang saya alami sendiri, hingga berumur 15 tahun ini, saya belum juga mendapat akta kelahiran. Pada awalnya saya tidak tahu bahwa mempunyai akta kelahiran merupakan salah satu hak saya sebagai seorang anak, jadi saya tidak terlalu memintanya kepada orang tua saya. Hal ini terjadi karena selain biayanya terlalu mahal, birokrasi pengurusannya juga berbeli-belit. Menurut data Komnas Perlindungan Anak, hampir 75 % anak-anak diseluruh Indonesia belum memiliki akte kelahiran.
Pelanggaran yang lain adalah pelanggaran hak berekspresi atau berpendapat. Pelanggaran ini menurut saya merupakan sebuah pelanggaran yang sering dilakukan dan jarang mendapat perhatian dari pemerintah ataupun dari orang- orang pemerhati hak anak. Kebanyakan pelanggaran hak yang kerap diperhatikan adalah pelanggaran yang menimbulkan bukti secara riil, sepeti kekerasan fisik. Padahal, dengan kebebasan berependapat ini anak- anak akan lebih terbuka wawasannya dalam bersosialisasi dan lebih kritis menghadapi masalah.
Alasan orang- orang kurang menghargai pendapat anak- anak adalah karena mereka menganggap bahwa anak itu tak tahu apa- apa, masih bau kencur, sehingga tak layak untuk menyuarakan pendapat. Anggapan orang dewasa itu salah. Anak- anak memiliki hak untuk melakukan itu karena itu memang hak anak. Tetapi kebanyakan orang dewasa acuh tak acuh dan terkesan tak mau memahami bagaimanakah pendapat anak itu.
Seharusnya yang dilakukan oleh orang dewasa adalah memberi pilihan kepada si anak, bukan mengharuskan si anak mengikuti pikiran mereka. Anak- anak memiliki hak untuk menyuarakan pendapat yang dilindungi oleh Undang- Undang. Seperti dalam Pasal 24 UU No. 23 yahun 2002 “Negara dan pemerintah menjamin anak untuk mempergunakan haknya dalam menyampaikan pendapat sesuai dengan usia dan tingkat kecerdasan anak”. Pasal 12 Konvensi Hak Anak “Negara- negara peserta akan menjamin hak anak yang berkemampuan untuk menyatakan secara bebas pandangannnya sendiri mengenai semua hal yang menyangkut anak itu, dengan diberikannya bobot yang layak pada pandangan- pandangan anak yang mempunyai nilai sesuai dengan usia dan kematangn dari anak yang bersangkutan”
Kawin paksa merupakan salah satu pelanggaran dalam hal menyuarakan pendapat. Karena dalam kawin muda ini, si anak harus mengikuti pikiran orang tua dan tak boleh membangkang. Orang tua bertindak sebagai Tuhan karena mereka memaksa anaknya untuk menikah tanpa memberikan pilihan yang lain. Orang tualah yang menentukan jodoh si anak, suka tidak suka anak harus menerima.
Kasus perceraian juga merupakan kasus yang melanggar hak anak untuk menyuarakan pendapat. Bagaimana kehidupan anak tiba- tiba berubah denagn ayah atau ibu tidak pernah lagi pulang ke rumah. Kehidupan yang harmonis tiba- tiba berantakan tanpa anak tahu apa yang terjadi dan penyebab orang tua mereka bercerai. Kondisi psikologia anak menjadi labil, suka marah, agresif,menjadi pendiam, dan cenderung menyalahkan diri sendiri sebagai sebab orang tuanya bercerai.
Kadang pula, orang tua memaksa anaknya untuk menjadi sesuatu yang tidak diinginkan oleh anak tersebut. Seperti ada anak yang ingin menjadi guru, tetapi orangtua memaksa dia menjadi dokter. Hal itu merupakan sebuah pemaksaan kehendak. Anak berhak menentukan bagaimana nanti masa depannya sesuai dengan cita- citanya, sehingga dalam menuntut ilmu dia menjadi lebih ikhlas tanpa paksaan.
Kebebasan berekspresi bagi anak merupakan salah satu hak anak yang seharusnya lebih diperhatikan. Dalam keluarga, orang tua jangan selalu menentukan bagaimanakah anak bertindak dan bagaimana masa depan anak, tetapi lebih memberikan pengertian kepada si anak agar memilih dengan diberikan alasan yang realistis dan jelas, sehingga anak bisa memilih jalan terbaik dan sesuai kata hatinya. Dalam dunia pendidikan, sikap guru yang menggurui seharusnya diganti menjadi guru sebagai sahabat anak. Dengan demikian, anak tidak akan malu menyuarakan pendapatnya karena guru itu temannya, bukan atasannya. Sehingga kebebasan berekspresi pada anak akan mendorong anak untuk lebih kritis menghadapi permasalahan yang ada dan punya pendirian teguh dalam menghadapi masalah.
Kurangnya perhatian pemerintah terhadap kebebasan berekspresi anak ini dapat dibuktikan dengan kurang adanya media yang menampung aspirasi atau pendapat anak. Seperti adanya majalah yang edukatif untuk anak dan organisasi untuk anak. Tidak adanya sebuah UU yang mengatur bagaimana anak itu berpendapat atau berekspresi. Tidak adnya peraturan yang jelas dalam penyensoran tayangan atau film yang sesuai dengan usia anak. Juga ada banyak program atau kebijakan pemerintah yang melupakan hak- hak anak.
UU tentang pornografi dan pornoaksi yang telah disahkan pemerintah bahkan tidak melindungi anak- anak. Padahal, UU internasional sudah dikenal pornografi anak dan menjadi perhatian khusus. Tindakan yang tidak melindungi ini terutama pada anak korban pornografi seperti yang disebutkan pada 8 UU Pornografi yang isinya: Setiap orang dilarang dengan sengaja atau atas persetujuan dirinya menjadi objek atau model yang mengandung muatan pornografi. Padahal bisa saja anak ditipu atau dipaksa. Pasal ini berarti menyetarakan anak dengan orang dewasa dalam kasus pornografi. Aspek yang menengahkan anak dalam UU pornografi ini sangat minim dan tidak cukjup melindungi anak sehingga seharusnya UU pornografi segera diamandemen ulang, atau pemerintah membuat UU pornografi anak yang secara khusus mengatur dan melindungi korban pornografi anak. Bahkan UU pornografi menyebutkan boleh memiliki pornografi anak jika untuk dikonsumsi secara pribadi (pasal 6 UU pornografi)
Banyak sekali kecacatan yang ada dalam program dan juga kebijakan pemerintah selama ini. Hal ini dikarenakan pemerintah kurang memperhatikan aspek partisipasi atau pendapat dari anak. Sehingga kedepan, diharapkan sebelum pemerintah bertindak membuat kebijakan, terlebih dulu mengadakan survei bagaimanakah respon anak terhadap kebijakan baru yang dilakukan pemerintah.

Setelah baca artikelku diatas, jgn lupa kasih komen ya.... tak tunggu...

Synopsis of Eragon and Eldest

Eragon—a fifteen-year-old farm boy—is shocked when a polished blue stone appears before him in the range of mountains known as the Spine. Eragon takes the stone to the farm where he lives with his uncle, Garrow, and his cousin, Roran, outside the small village of Carvahall. Garrow and his late wife, Marian, have raised Eragon. Nothing is known of Eragon’s father; his mother, Selena, was Garrow’s sister and has not been seen since Eragon’s birth.
Later, the stone cracks open and a baby dragon emerges. When Eragon touches her, a silvery mark appears on his palm, and an irrevocable bond is forged between their minds, making Eragon one of the legendary Dragon Riders. He names the dragon Saphira, after a dragon mentioned by the village storyteller, Brom.
The Dragon Riders were created thousands of years earlier in the aftermath of the devastating war between the elves and the dragons, in order to prevent their two races from ever again fighting each other. The Riders became peacekeepers, educators, healers, natural philosophers, and the greatest of all magicians—since being joined with a dragon makes one a spellcaster. Under their guidance and protection, the land enjoyed a golden age.
When humans arrived in Alagaësia, they too were added to this elite order. After many years of peace, the warlike Urgals killed the dragon of a young human Rider named Galbatorix. The loss drove him mad, and when his elders refused to provide him with another dragon, Galbatorix set out to topple the Riders.
He stole another dragon—whom he named Shruikan and forced to serve him through certain black spells—and gathered around himself a group of thirteen traitors: the Forsworn. With the help of those cruel disciples, Galbatorix threw down the Riders; killed their leader, Vrael; and declared himself king over Alagaësia. His actions forced the elves to retreat deep within their pinewood forest and the dwarves to hide in their tunnels and caves, and neither race now ventures forth from its secret places. The stalemate between Galbatorix and the other races has endured for over a hundred years, during which all of the Forsworn have died from various causes. It is into this tense political situation that Eragon finds himself thrust.
Several months after Saphira hatches, two menacing, beetle-like strangers called the Ra’zac arrive in Carvahall, searching for the stone that was Saphira’s egg. Eragon and Saphira manage to evade them, but they destroy Eragon’s home and murder Garrow.
Eragon vows to track down and kill the Ra’zac. As he leaves Carvahall, the storyteller Brom, who knows of Saphira’s existence, accosts Eragon and asks to accompany him. Brom gives Eragon a red Dragon Rider’s sword, Zar’roc, though he refuses to say how he acquired it.
Eragon learns much from Brom during their travels, including how to fight with swords and use magic. When they lose the Ra’zac’s trail, they go to the port town of Teirm and visit Brom’s old friend Jeod, who Brom thinks may be able to help them locate the Ra’zac’s lair. In Teirm, they learn that the Ra’zac live somewhere close to the city of Dras-Leona. Eragon also has his fortune told by the herbalist Angela and receives two strange pieces of advice from her companion, the werecat Solembum.
On the way to Dras-Leona, Brom reveals that he is an agent of the Varden—a rebel group dedicated to overthrowing Galbatorix—and that he had been hiding in Carvahall, waiting for a new Dragon Rider to appear. Twenty years ago, Brom was involved in stealing Saphira’s egg from Galbatorix and, in the process, killed Morzan, first and last of the Forsworn. Only two other dragon eggs still exist, both of which remain in Galbatorix’s possession.
In and near Dras-Leona, they encounter the Ra’zac, who mortally wound Brom while he is protecting Eragon. A mysterious young man named Murtagh drives the Ra’zac away. With his dying breath, Brom confesses that he too was once a Rider and that his slain dragon was also named Saphira.
Eragon and Saphira then decide to join the Varden, but Eragon is captured at the city of Gil’ead and brought before Durza, an evil and powerful Shade who serves Galbatorix. With Murtagh’s help, Eragon escapes from prison, bringing along with him the elf Arya, another captive of Durza’s and an ambassador to the Varden. Arya has been poisoned and requires the Varden’s medical help.
Pursued by a contingent of Urgals, the four of them flee across the land to the Varden’s headquarters in the giant Beor Mountains, which stand over ten miles high. Circumstances force Murtagh—who does not want to go to the Varden—to reveal that he is the son of Morzan. Murtagh, however, has denounced his dead father’s villainy and fled Galbatorix’s court to seek his own destiny. And he tells Eragon that the sword Zar’roc once belonged to Murtagh’s father.
Just before they are overwhelmed by the Urgals, the Varden, who live in Farthen Dûr, a hollow mountain that is also home to the dwarves’ capital, Tronjheim, rescues Eragon and his friends. Once inside, Eragon is taken to Ajihad, leader of the Varden, while Murtagh is imprisoned because of his relation to Morzan.
Eragon meets with the dwarf king, Hrothgar, and Ajihad’s daughter, Nasuada, and is tested by the Twins, two rather nasty magicians who serve Ajihad. Eragon and Saphira also bless one of the Varden’s orphan babies while the Varden heal Arya of her poisoning.
Eragon’s stay is disrupted by news of an Urgal army approaching underground, through the dwarves’ tunnels. In the battle that follows, Eragon is separated from Saphira and forced to fight Durza alone. Far stronger than any human, Durza easily defeats Eragon, slashing open his back from shoulder to hip. At that moment, Saphira and Arya break the roof of a chamber—a sixty-foot-wide star sapphire—distracting Durza long enough for Eragon to stab him through the heart. Freed from Durza’s spells, which were controlling them, the Urgals are driven back.
While Eragon lies unconscious after the battle, he is telepathically contacted by a being that identifies himself as Togira Ikonoka—the Cripple Who Is Whole. He urges Eragon to seek him for instruction in Ellesméra, the elves’ capital.
When Eragon wakes, he has a huge scar across his back. Dismayed, he also realizes he only slew Durza through sheer luck and that he desperately needs more training. And at the end of Book One, he decides that, yes, he will find this Togira Ikonoka and learn from him.
Eldest begins three days after Eragon slays Durza. The Varden are recovering from the Battle of Farthen Dûr, and Ajihad, Murtagh, and the Twins have been hunting down the Urgals who escaped into the tunnels underneath Farthen Dûr after the battle. When a group of Urgals takes them by surprise, Ajihad is killed and Murtagh and the Twins disappear in the fray. The Varden’s Council of Elders appoints Nasuada to succeed her father as new leader of the Varden, and Eragon swears fealty to her as her vassal.
Eragon and Saphira decide they must leave for Ellesméra to begin their training with the Cripple Who Is Whole. Before they go, the dwarf king, Hrothgar, offers to adopt Eragon into his clan, the Dûrgrimst Ingeitum, and Eragon accepts, which gives him full legal rights as a dwarf and entitles him to participate in dwarvish councils.
Both Arya and Orik, Hrothgar’s foster son, accompany Eragon and Saphira on their journey to the land of the elves. En route, they stop in Tarnag, a dwarf city. Some of the dwarves are friendly, but Eragon learns that one clan in particular does not welcome him and Saphira—the Az Sweldn rak Anhûin, who hate Riders and dragons because the Forsworn slaughtered so many of their clan.
The party finally arrives in Du Weldenvarden, the forest of the elves. At Ellesméra, Eragon and Saphira meet Islanzadí, queen of the elves, who, they learn, is Arya’s mother. They also meet with the Cripple Who Is Whole: an ancient elf named Oromis. He too is a Rider. Oromis and his dragon, Glaedr, have kept their existence hidden from Galbatorix for the past hundred years while they searched for a way to overthrow the king.
Both Oromis and Glaedr are afflicted with old wounds that prevent them from fighting— Glaedr is missing a leg and Oromis, who was captured and broken by the Forsworn, is unable to control large amounts of magic and is prone to debilitating seizures.
Eragon and Saphira begin their training, both together and separately. Eragon learns more about the history of Alagaësia’s races, swordsmanship, and the ancient language, which all magicians use. In his studies of the ancient language, he discovers he made a terrible mistake when he and Saphira blessed the orphaned baby in Farthen Dûr: he intended to say “May you be shielded from misfortune,” but what he actually said was “May you be a shield from misfortune.” He has cursed the baby to shield others from any and all pain and misfortune.
Saphira makes quick progress learning from Glaedr, but the scar Eragon bears as a result of his battle with Durza slows his training. Not only is the mark on his back disfiguring, but also at unexpected times it incapacitates him with painful spasms. He does not know how he will improve as a magician and swordsman if his convulsions continue.
Eragon begins to realize he has feelings for Arya. He confesses them to her, but she rebuffs him and soon leaves to return to the Varden.
Then the elves hold a ritual known as the Agaetí Blödhren, or the Blood-oath Celebration, during which Eragon goes through a magical transformation: he is turned into an elf-human hybrid—not quite one, not quite the other. As a result, his scar is healed and he now has the same superhuman strength the elves have. His features are also altered, so he appears slightly elvish.
At this point, Eragon learns that the Varden are on the brink of battle with the Empire and are in dire need of him and Saphira. While Eragon has been away, Nasuada has moved the Varden from Farthen Dûr to Surda, a country south of the Empire that still maintains its independence from Galbatorix.
Eragon and Saphira leave Ellesméra, along with Orik, after promising Oromis and Glaedr that they will return to complete their training as soon as they can.
Meanwhile, Eragon’s cousin, Roran, has been having his own adventures. Galbatorix has sent the Ra’zac and a legion of imperial soldiers to Carvahall, looking to capture Roran, so as to use him against Eragon. Roran manages to escape into the nearby mountains. He and the other villagers attempt to drive the soldiers away. Numerous villagers die in the process. When Sloan, the village butcher—who hates Roran and opposes Roran’s engagement to his daughter, Katrina—betrays Roran to the Ra’zac, the beetle-like creatures find and attack Roran in the middle of the night in his bedroom. Roran fights his way free, but the Ra’zac capture Katrina.
Roran convinces the people of Carvahall to leave their village and seek refuge with the Varden in Surda. They set out westward for the coast, in the hope that they can sail from there to Surda. Roran proves himself as a leader, bringing them safely through the Spine to the coast. In the port town of Teirm, they meet Jeod, who tells Roran that Eragon is a Rider and explains what the Ra’zac were looking for in Carvahall in the first place— Saphira. Jeod offers to help Roran and the villagers reach Surda, pointing out that once Roran and the villagers are safely with the Varden, Roran can enlist Eragon’s help in rescuing Katrina. Jeod and the villagers pirate a ship and sail toward Surda.
Eragon and Saphira reach the Varden, who are readying for battle. Eragon learns what has become of the baby upon whom he bestowed the ill-phrased blessing: her name is Elva, and though, chronologically, she is still a baby, she has the appearance of a fouryear- old child and the voice and demeanor of a world-weary adult. Eragon’s spell forces her to sense the pain of all the people she sees, and compels her to protect them; if she resists this urge, she herself suffers.
Eragon, Saphira, and the Varden ride out to meet the Empire’s troops on the Burning Plains, a large swath of land that smokes and smolders from underground peat fires. They are astonished when another Rider appears astride a red dragon. The new Rider slays Hrothgar, the dwarf king, and then begins to fight with Eragon and Saphira. When Eragon manages to wrench the Rider’s helm off, he is shocked to see Murtagh.
Murtagh did not die in the Urgal ambush under Farthen Dûr. The Twins arranged it all; they are traitors who planned the ambush so Ajihad would be killed and they could capture Murtagh and take him to Galbatorix. The king forced Murtagh to swear loyalty to him in the ancient language. Now Murtagh and his newly hatched dragon, Thorn, are Galbatorix’s slaves, and Murtagh asserts that his oaths will never allow him to disobey the king, though Eragon pleads with him to abandon Galbatorix and join the Varden.
Murtagh is able to overwhelm Eragon and Saphira with an inexplicable display of strength. However, he decides to free them because of their previous friendship. Before Murtagh leaves, he takes Zar’roc from Eragon, claiming it is his inheritance as Morzan’s elder son. Then he reveals that he is not Morzan’s only son—Eragon and Murtagh are brothers, both sons of Selena, Morzan’s consort. The Twins discovered the truth when they examined Eragon’s memories the day he arrived at Farthen Dûr.
Still reeling from Murtagh’s revelation about their parentage, Eragon retreats with Saphira, and he is finally reunited with Roran and the villagers of Carvahall, who have arrived at the Burning Plains just in time to aid the Varden in the battle. Roran fought heroically and succeeded in killing the Twins.
Eragon and Roran make peace over Eragon’s role in Garrow’s death, and Eragon vows to help Roran rescue Katrina from the Ra’zac.

Brisingr- Christopher Paolini

13 November 2009

Eragon, Eldest, and Brisingr

Pingin banget nih beli novel karangan Christopher Paolini, soalnya abgus sih. Novelnay itutuh ada 3, atau trilogi yang pertaama judulnya Eragon yang udah difilmkan, (udah liat belum) bagus kok filmnya, ya... tak bagus- bagus amat, tapi kalau dibandingin dengan film Indonesia... Hmmmmm..... Aku kasih nilai 9 deh.
Novel ini terinspirasi dari The Lord Of The Rings dan juga Harry Potter. Tapi, novel ini tuh ya nggak mirip- mirip amat denagn The Lord Of The Rings kok!

1. Eragon

Eragon merupakan novel pertama karanagn dari Christopher paolini, denagn cover yang berwarna biru, Saphira, naganya Eragon. Dulu waktu ada diskon harganya cuman sekitar 60.000-an, tapi nggak tahus ekarang, waktu aada diskon selalu nggak punya uang, nasib.... nasib... Kalian bisa download disini.
Download Eragon Book 1

2. Eldest

Buku ini merupakan buku ke-2 dari Trylogi penunggang naga. Inti ceritanay pokoknya nih, ngelanjutin perjalanan yang pertama itu. Tapi kayaknya bagus abnget deh ceritanya. kalau kamu mau download yang pake bahasa inggris, kamu bisa download di 4shared.com Bisa di download di:
Download Eldest

3. Brisingr
Artinya tuh api, dan merupakan karya ke 3 dari trilogy karanagn Cristopher Paolini.
Download Brisingr
Kalau temen- temen mau download novelnya, ada kok, tapi make bahasa inggris, nggak pa- pa kan??? Sekalian belajar Bahasa Inggris. ada di www.4shared.com. Atau kamu mau aku kirimin novelnya lewat e- mail??? silahkan aja.

07 November 2009

Jangan Nunggu Sampai Tua, Ayo! Gapai Impianmu Sekarang

Jangan Nunggu Sampai Tua,

Ayo! Gapai Impianmu Sekarang


~Muhammad Abdul Manaf ~

Judul Asli: If You Could Be Anything, What Would You Be?; Teen's Guide to Mapping Out The Future

Judul Buku: Young, Rich, ‘N Famous; Cara Seru Merancang Masa Depan Fantastis

Penulis: Jeanne Webster, C.P.C.

Penerjemah: Asih Siti Aisyah

Penerbit: Kaifa

Tahun terbit : 2005

Tebal buku : 244 halaman

Rating : *****
Resensator: Muhammad Abdul Manaf


Nggak ada impian yang bisa jadi nyata kalau kamu nggak bangun dan mewujudkannya"


Mungkin kamu pernah bermimpi atau hanya berangan- angan seandainya kamu menjadi seperti artis idola kamu yang kaya raya dan tenar. Kamu mungkin ingin seperti Daniel Radcliffe ataupun Paris Hilton. Seandainya saja kamu ditawari hidup seperti bintang idolamu, pasti kamu mau banget. Atau kamu ingin menjadi miliarder dan menguasai perusahaan besar seperti Bill Gates? Boleh saja, tapi jangan sampai impian kamu hanya menjadi sekedar angan- angan tanpa usaha untuk mewujudkannya.

Buku motivasi ini dirancang oleh penulisnya yang merupakan seorang mentor pengembangan diri bagi ortu dan remaja terkemuka di Amerika untuk mendorong kamu agar nggak hanya bermimpi, tapi juga mewujudkannya sejak dini. Dalam buku ini, kamu akan menemukan berbagai pertanyaan dan latihan- latihan yang akan memotivasi kamu untuk mewujudkan mimpi- mimpi kamu. Nggak peduli meskipun kamu masih remaja, malah jika kamu masih muda, semakin banyak kesempatan yang dapat kamu raih. Dengan kata lain, peluang mewujudkan mimpi kamu semakin besar. Hal inilah yang membuat buku karangan Jeanne Webster ini berbeda dari buku motivasi yang lain. Selain itu, bahasa yang digunakan cocok banget buat kamu dan mudah dipahami. Sehingga kamu akan lebih enjoy menikmati buku ini.

Buku ini berisi cara- cara memetakan masa depan kamu dan mewujudkannya lewat pilihan- pilihan yang kamu buat sendiri. Dan buku ini akan menjadi pedoman selama kamu berusaha untuk mewujudkan mimpimu itu. Buku ini berusaha mengajak kamu untuk berpikir setinggi- tingginya tentang siapa kamu dan bisa jadi apa kamu nantinya. Tapi yang paling penting, buku ini akan mengajakmu untuk mengembangkan diri lewat impian- impianmu.

Dalam buku ini, ada banyak sekali kata mutiara yang dapat kamu temukan yang dapat memotivasi kamu untuk terus mewujudkan mimpimu dan lebih bersemangat, seperti "Nasib itu bukan masalah perubahan, tapi masalah pilihan. Nasib itu nggak harus ditunggu, tapi

harus dicapai". Selain itu, setiap bab dalam buku ini kaya akan hal- hal Nbaru yang menakjubkan dan mengasyikkan untuk terus dibaca dan dipahami.

Kelemahan buku ini sulit dicari, dengan kata lain buku ini wajib kamu baca jika kamu memang benar- benar pingin mewujudkan impianmu. Dengan cover yang menarik dan berbagai ilustrasi, buku ini sangat segar. Kekurangan buku ini terletak pada setiap ilustrasi yang semuanya perempuan. Ilustrasi yang menggambarkan laki- laki tidak ada sama sekali. Selain itu, ada kesalahan penulisan nama pada halaman sebelum cover, nama yang seharusnya ditulis Kent Nerburn, di sini tertulis Kent Nerburnb. Kesalahan lainnya adalah dalam buku ini, terlalu mengabaikan Tuhan sebagai sumber segalanya, seperti daalm kutipan berikut ini,"... Spiritualitas nggak perlu jadi hal yang paling penting untukmu, tapi aku menemukan kalau aku jadi lebih membumi dan tenteram melalui spiritualitas (hal. 214)" Anjuran berdoa kepada Tuhan setelah berusaha tak ada sama sekali.

Dengan berbagai kekurangan buku ini, tetap saja buku ini sangat aku anjurkan untuk kamu punyai, setidaknya kamu mau membacanya di perpustakaan sekolah atau perpustakaan daerahmu. Karena buku ini akan memotivasi kamu untuk mewujudkan mimpimu. Yakinlah kamu punya kemampuan untuk menjadikan kehidupanmu berharga dan penuh kegembiraan, dan tentunya kamu bisa meraih impianmu

"Tahun- tahun terbaik dari hidupmu adalah tahun- tahun saat kamu memutuskan bahwa salahmu adalah milikmu. Kamu tidak menyalahkan pada ibumu, lingkunganmu, atau presidenmu, kamu sadar bahwa kamulah yang mengontrol nasibmu sendiri"

~ Albert Ellis

06 November 2009

Tips Buat Kamu Yang Pingin Buat Resensi Keren

Berikut adalah cara membuat resensi buku yang penulis ringkas dari ”How To Write A Book Report”, karya Myrna Friend, Erindale Campus Library, University of Toronto. Cara ini sudah diterima secara internasional.

1) Memberi informasi bibliografi buku, seperti : nama penulis/pengarang, judul lengkap, editor (jika ada), tempat ( kota ) penerbit, penerbit, bulan atau tahun terbit dan jumlah halaman (ditambah romawi).

2) Bandingkan materi tulisan dengan keadaan sekarang, apakah sesuai untuk zaman sekarang?Deskripsikan penulis/pengarang: latar belakangnya, pekerjaan, reputasi, dll.

3) Apakah hal-hal atau keadaan yang penting ada hubungannya dengan buku tersebut? Apa sumber materi penulis?

4) Jenis buku (sejarah, biografi, kritik tulisan orang lain/literacy critism, sastra, dll) apa yang kita resensi?

5) Jelaskan tujuan penulis dalam menulis buku yang kita resensi dan terangkan batasan tulisannya dengan tema. Apakah buku tersebut mengusung tema populer? Apa hasil survei? Untuk siapa buku tersebut ditulis, apa ditulis untuk kaum pelajar, masyarakat awam, dll?

6) Apa tema buku tersebut? Cari tema di bagian pendahuluan dan kesimpulan. Selama membaca, coba elaborasi/kaitkan dengan tema buku, apa masih berhubungan?

7) Apa asumsi penulis yang tersirat atau tersurat (jika ada) berhubungan dengan materi yang dia tulis?

8. Jelaskan struktur dari buku (daftar isi): bagian-bagian buku (seperti pendahuluan, isi, kesimpulan), apakah pembagian buku tersebut valid? Apakah appendiks, bibliografi, catatan-catatan, indeks buku tersebut berhubugan dengan isi buku?

9) Cari point utama atau konsep kunci!

10) Apa jenis data yang penulis gunakan dalam mendukung argumennya? Bagaimana dia gunakan data tersebut dalam berargumen? Apakah argumennya sesuai data?

11) Beri bagian penting dari buku dengan kutipan!

12) Apakah penulis sukses dalam mengkomunikasikan wacana atau teorinya? Apakah dia sukses dengan tujuannya? Apakah malah bias?

13) Jelaskan tujuan lain tulisan dari buku yang kita resensi. Apakah tulisannya dalam bahasa yang bakudan efektif?

14) Apakah buku tersebut berkembang dari isu atau tema penelitian?

15) Baca secara mendalam dan kritis. Alasan utama kemampuan membaca buku, yaitu: agar dapat mengikuti alur pikiran penulis, melihat hubungan di antara idenya, menghubungkan idenya dengan pengalaman kita, dan meng-evaluasinya dengan cerdas dan kritis. Membaca kritis, karena dimungkinkan ada bagian dari buku tersebut yang kontorversial dan mencari kekuatan serta kelemahannya. Bandingkan dengan teori lain yang diungkapkan oleh penulis lain dari buku lain. Pembaca yang hati-hati dapat memperhatikan hal-hal yang diperbuat penulis, seperti tema yang meloncat-loncat, bias tema, dll. Perhatikan kata atau kalimat yang tidak kita mengerti. Baca buku sampai selesai dan ikuti argumennya (dengan membacanya) sampai selesai, jangan meng-justifikasi sebelum kita selesai membaca.

16) Resensi di koran dengan jurnal ilmiah tentu berbeda. Resensi di koran biasanya berupa bedah buku dengan isi ringkasan buku, tujuan tulisan, latar belakang penulis, kesimpulan, kelemahan dan keunggulan tulisan serta kata/kalimat yang digunakan sering tidak baku atau populer dan diperuntukkan untuk masyarakat umum (contoh bisa dilihat di bagian utama website ini, resensi buku: ”Hidup sehat dengan tahajud” yang penulis kirim dan dimuat di KR). Resensi di jurnal ilmiah ditambah teori lain yang diungkapkan penulis lain dan bahasa yang digunakan bahasa baku serta untuk kalangan terbatas (biasanya terpelajar).

Itulah manfaat dan cara membuat resensi. Semoga dapat memberikan manfaat. Boleh memberikan tambahan, saran atau bertanya. Terima kasih.
Sumber : Forum Remaja Masjid Yogyakarta.